Toy Story is a 1995 American computer-animated adventure comedy film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and was released by Walt Disney Pictures. The feature-film directorial debut of John Lasseter, it was the first feature-length film to be entirely computer-animated, as well as the first feature film from Pixar. The screenplay was written by Joss Whedon, Andrew Stanton, Joel Cohen, and Alec Sokolow from a story by Lasseter, Stanton, Pete Docter, and Joe Ranft. The film features music by Randy Newman, and was executive-produced by Steve Jobs and Edwin Catmull. It features the voices of Tom Hanks, Tim Allen, Don Rickles, Wallace Shawn, John Ratzenberger, Jim Varney, Annie Potts, R. Lee Ermey, John Morris, Laurie Metcalf, and Erik von Detten.
Taking place in a world where anthropomorphic toys come to life when humans are not present, the plot focuses on the relationship between an old-fashioned pull-string cowboy doll named Woody and an astronaut action figure, Buzz Lightyear, as they evolve from rivals competing for the affections of their owner Andy Davis, to friends who work together to be reunited with him after being separated.
Following the success of Pixar’s 1988 short film Tin Toy, the company was approached by Disney to produce a computer-animated feature film, told from a small toy’s perspective. Lasseter, Stanton, and Docter wrote early story treatments, which were rejected by Disney, who wanted the film’s tone to be “edgier”. After several disastrous story reels, production was halted and the script was rewritten to better reflect the tone and theme Pixar desired: “toys deeply want children to play with them, and […] this desire drives their hopes, fears, and actions”. The studio, then consisting of a relatively small number of employees, produced the film under only minor financial constraints.